Linux—last命令

Linux last命令用于显示系统开机以来获是从每月初登入者的讯息。

使用权限:所有使用者。

语法

shell>> last [options]

参数说明

  • -R 省略 hostname 的栏位
  • -num 展示前 num 个
  • username 展示 username 的登入讯息
  • tty 限制登入讯息包含终端机代号

实例

shell>> last -R -2
johnney pts/1 Mon Aug 14 20:42 still logged in
johnney pts/0 Mon Aug 14 19:59 still logged in
wtmp begins Tue Aug 1 09:01:10 2000 ### /var/log/wtmp
shell>> last -2 minery
minery pts/0 140.119.217.115 Mon Aug 14 18:37 - 18:40 (00:03)
minery pts/0 140.119.217.115 Mon Aug 14 17:22 - 17:24 (00:02)
wtmp begins Tue Aug 1 09:01:10 2000

一般显示方法

# last

简略显示,并指定显示的个数

# last -n 5 -R
root   pts/4    Thu May 13 17:25  still logged in  
root   pts/2    Thu May 13 17:23 - 17:25 (00:02)  
root   pts/1    Thu May 13 16:46  still logged in  
root   pts/7    Thu May 13 15:36  still logged in  
root   pts/9    Thu May 13 15:35  still logged in  

wtmp begins Thu May 13 18:55:40 2014

显示最后一列显示主机IP地址

# last -n 5 -a -i
root   pts/4    Thu May 13 17:25  still logged in  192.168.1.10
root   pts/2    Thu May 13 17:23 - 17:25 (00:02)   192.168.1.10
root   pts/1    Thu May 13 16:46  still logged in  192.168.1.10
root   pts/7    Thu May 13 15:36  still logged in  192.168.1.10
root   pts/9    Thu May 13 15:35  still logged in  192.168.1.10

wtmp begins Thu May 13 18:55:40 2014
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